How and what to feed your puppy
Approximate feeding schedule:
Up to 1.5 months a puppy should be fed 6 times a day, with 1.5 to 3 – 5 times, 3 to 3.5 month old puppy can be transferred to 4 times a day feeding regime. And the 4.5 – 5 month – 3 meals a day. With 6-7 months (on the recommendation of the European and Israeli specialists) or 9 months ( on the recommendation of the Russian) a puppy can be fed as an adult dog 2 times a day – morning and evening.
We must remember that from 6 months of age in puppies begins the stage of intensive growth.
Per 1 kg of body weight for puppies and young dogs require:
Protein – 9g Fat – 2.5 g of Starch and sugars – 14g dietary Fiber – 1.5 g Calcium – 528 mg Phosphorus – 440 mg Vitamin A 200 IU Vitamin D 20 IU Vitamin E – 2.2 mg
What to feed a puppy? This is a difficult question arises before every breeder. Someone chooses a feeding with natural products, someone decides to feed the puppy finished feeds, and some people prefer a mixed mode of feeding. Each of these methods has strong supporters and equally strong opponents, so we do not take the liberty to give recommendations on the choice of one of them. If you decide to feed your puppy dry food ready, we approximate normokalemia depending on the weight and age of the manufacturer indicates on the package. We added to this norm of about 15%. If you decide to feed your puppy a natural diet, you first of all you should remember What not to feed puppies and dogs:
Dogs harmful spicy, salty, smoked and fatty foods. Not useful dogs are fat, and the more raw (very high risk of infection gelmintami) pork. The dog must not know what a sausage, sausage or ham. Sausages for dogs poison. They spoil the liver, and the dog runs the risk to die at a young age. Do not feed your dog fresh-water fish – she’s too bony. Marine fish is useful, but it is never given in its raw form, as it leads to the infection of intestinal worms. The bones dogs should not be given, as you can irreparably damage the stomach. First, they are not absorbed. Secondly, can cause constipation, bowel perforation, volvulus. Especially dangerous are chicken bones that tend to split into sharp pieces and can puncture the stomach of your pet and lead to his death! Bones also contribute to the rapid skiving teeth. Harmful – potatoes, legumes, pasta, foods containing refined sugar, white bread, semolina and pearl barley. The puppy should not know taste of sugar and candies. Sweets spoil the appetite, interfere with the digestion, put the liver and can even lead to diabetes. In addition, they destroy the teeth and extremely adversely affect the eyes, which begin to fester and tear.
Please note – chocolate is deadly for dogs. It includes a substance theobromine, which gives it a bitter taste. This substance causes the heart to beat faster, and it doesn’t hold up given rhythm. Lethal dose is 100 to 150 mg per 1 kg of animal weight. Different varieties of chocolate contain different amounts of theobromine: milk it just a 154 mg per 100 grams of product, in Gorky – 1365 mg. Be careful! The dark chocolate bar can be deadly to your pet!
The food gets your dog should not be hot (straight from the plate) or cold (from the fridge). Food should be at room temperature or slightly warmer. The dog needs to be fed at certain hours. Not eaten for 15 – 20 minutes remove the feed and let to watch the next feeding. Do not offer anything in return, this will teach your puppy not to picky. Do not allow the dog to beg, and strangers to give her food.
As a reward when training your puppy give chopped into small pieces, boiled meat, cheese, raisins and other dried fruits. As a sedative puppy and then adult dog is useful once a week to give 1 clove of fresh chopped garlic on a slice of bread with butter. Water demand:
Water demand in adult dogs (under normal conditions) is about 40 ml per 1 kg of body weight per day. In young dogs this need in 2 times above. So make sure that the drinking bowl of your pet has always been filled with clean water.