What are the risks posed by Pets?
Now in many homes, apartments living Pets . But few people think that Pets, like ordinary people, need periodic medical examination.
Examination by a veterinarian is needed in order to detect the presence of possible diseases in animals, to cure them, but also to protect your family from various infections transmitted through animals.
Animal diseases “veterinary” are called zoonoses. Note that if a person got a virus from an animal, it is only in very rare cases he may delegate it to another person. If the disease occurs among wild animals, it’s called feral, and if among home, anthropourgic.
Experts identify several factors that depend on the possibility of human infection: kind of pet, the presence of infections he has, the conditions of detention of the animal, the period of time during which the animal lives at home, from the shape of infectious diseases.
It is clear that if a pet lives with you for a long time without external manifestations of the disease, and if they do not attend freely the street, the more likely they are healthy. But remember that it’s very important possitively and to do preventive vaccination. What animals are the most common carriers of infections that can be dangerous to humans?
Dogs can be carriers of such infectious diseases as leptospirosis. Some animals carry the disease without any external manifestations. The infection is transmitted mainly by water, that is, human infection usually occurs through contact of skin and mucous membranes with water that is contaminated by saliva, urine and other secretions of animals.
Very common among dogs, the disease is the rabies virus. This is a very scary disease. Infection occurs through the bite or contact of animal saliva on mucous membranes or damaged skin. The outside environment the virus is excreted in the saliva of the animal. Be extra careful if your dog during a walk was attacked by another dog, maybe she was infected with rabies virus.
Cats can be sources of infection of infectious diseases such as toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasma fall in the environment with their secretions, where can long persist. When hands become contaminated soil, which can be the selection of animals, Toxoplasma get into the digestive system of the person, where and begin their development.
Also cats can cause bartonellosis is a disease of “cat scratched”. In this case, the most dangerous are playful kittens and young cats. Infection occurs when the cat starts to scratch, and also through the cats saliva, bite or lick the area of skin that already has damage.
Small household birds (Canaries, budgerigars) can infect humans with psittacosis. Those infected people are in constant contact with birds, but there are also cases of family infection. The infection is transmitted by airborne droplets.
Most often the disease occurs almost immediately after the acquisition of birds in the store (if she was infected). If a bird in the house for a long time, most likely, they are already healthy.
Another of many kind of infections . transmitted by animals, is Listeria. The causative agent of this infection – Listeria is able to multiply in foods, on plants, in soil, in water and even in dead bodies. Sources of listeriosis may make some species of wild rodents, as well as various objects of the external environment. Infected domestic animals, primarily agricultural (horses, small cattle, pigs, rabbits) and poultry (geese, chickens, ducks, etc.). Listeria can enter the environment via urine, milk, blood, mucus and other secretions of animals. People usually become infected by direct contact with infected animals, by eating infected animal products.
Therefore, among the most dangerous foods are salads, raw vegetables, cheeses and meat products. The possibility of infection increases with professional relations with an animal, a bird, so workers farms, dairies, meat processing plants are at risk.
Naturally, Pets have a role in the spread of infections transmitted to humans from animals. But their share is not as great as people think. Most infections occur because of insufficient epidemiological surveillance during the active period the causative agents of major infections.